Values & Beliefs …. seem very close , but I think distinction exists , however thin . My understanding is that, Values are kind of guidelines one has ( a self understood sense of Right , Wrong ) , whereas beliefs are what we believe as true ( valid for us ) like convictions . In a way values also have to be beliefs ( convictions ) though they go beyond being ( mere ) beliefs & actually guide or channel our behaviour — it’s a ‘ fall back ‘ mechanism of our conscience .
I tend to use analogies as they help clarity on a point . If I can take analogy here from science ; Values to me are ‘ Vectors ‘ ( which have a sense of direction ) & beliefs are like ‘ Scalers ‘ ; both may have the same weight ( quantum ) , but ‘Values’ in addition have direction .
If we take values as guidelines & not as virtues ( good / bad ) , in that sense , I suppose everyone — including a criminal or a politician — has ‘ Values ‘